the relationship between public emotions and rumors spread during the covid 19 epidemic CORD-Papers-2021-10-25 (Version 1)

Title: The Relationship between Public Emotions and Rumors Spread during the COVID-19 Epidemic in China
Abstract: BACKGROUND: In the context of COVID-19, various online rumors led to inappropriate behaviors in response to the epidemic among people, and adversely influenced people's physical and mental health A better understanding of the relationship between public emotions and rumors during the epidemic may generate some useful strategies of guiding public emotions and dispelling rumors OBJECTIVE: To explore whether public emotions are related to the dissemination of at times online rumors in the context of COVID-19 METHODS: Sina Weibo is a social media platform in China We used Scrapy to gather the data from Weibo published by People's Daily after January 8, 2020, and netizens' comments under each Weibo post Nearly one million comments were divided into five categories (anger, fear, happiness, sadness, and neutral) according to the emotional information in these contents by manual identification Rumors data was collected through a platform Tencent myth busters Cross-correlations analysis was used to examine the relationship between public emotions and rumors RESULTS: The results indicated that the angrier the public got, the more rumors there would be, r = 0 48, P < 001 Similar findings were found in the relationship between fear and rumors, r = 0 51, P < 001;and the relationship between sadness and rumors, r = 0 47, P < 001 Furthermore, we found that happiness lagged behind by one day with the increase of rumors, r = 0 56, P < 001 In addition, our data showed that there was a significant positive correlation between fear and fearful rumors, r = 0 34, P = 02 CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide several suggestions for relevant authorities and policy makers in guiding emotions of the public during public health emergencies First, during a large-scale quarantine period, the authorities can use web-based monitoring to detect public emotions and behaviors in real time, and provide timely guidance to channel public emotions and behaviors, Second, rumors are a catalyst for public emotions, and disproving them timely would be helpful to increase positive emotions of the public Third, media platforms should strengthen the monitoring of online rumors, identify and verify emotional rumors in a timely manner, and minimize the spread of fearful rumors to reduce the public's fear
Published: 2020
Journal: J Med Internet Res
Author Name: Dong, W
Author link: https://covid19-data.nist.gov/pid/rest/local/author/dong_w
Author Name: Tao, J
Author link: https://covid19-data.nist.gov/pid/rest/local/author/tao_j
Author Name: Xia, X
Author link: https://covid19-data.nist.gov/pid/rest/local/author/xia_x
Author Name: Xu, H
Author link: https://covid19-data.nist.gov/pid/rest/local/author/xu_h
Author Name: Ye, L
Author link: https://covid19-data.nist.gov/pid/rest/local/author/ye_l
Author Name: Jiang, P
Author link: https://covid19-data.nist.gov/pid/rest/local/author/jiang_p
Author Name: Liu, Y
Author link: https://covid19-data.nist.gov/pid/rest/local/author/liu_y
license: unk
license_url: [unknown license]
source_x: WHO
source_x_url: https://www.who.int/
who_covidence_id: #895246
has_full_text: FALSE
G_ID: the_relationship_between_public_emotions_and_rumors_spread_during_the_covid_19_epidemic
S2 ID: 226081471