the impact of covid 19 restrictions on accelerometer assessed physical activity and CORD-Papers-2022-06-02 (Version 1)

Title: The impact of COVID-19 restrictions on accelerometer-assessed physical activity and sleep in individuals with type 2 diabetes
Abstract: AIMS: Restrictions during the COVID-19 crisis will have impacted on opportunities to be active. We aimed to (a) quantify the impact of COVID-19 restrictions on accelerometer-assessed physical activity and sleep in people with type 2 diabetes and (b) identify predictors of physical activity during COVID-19 restrictions. METHODS: Participants were from the UK Chronotype of Patients with type 2 diabetes and Effect on Glycaemic Control (CODEC) observational study. Participants wore an accelerometer on their wrist for 8 days before and during COVID-19 restrictions. Accelerometer outcomes included the following: overall physical activity moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) time spent inactive days/week with ≥30-minute continuous MVPA and sleep. Predictors of change in physical activity taken pre-COVID included the following: age sex ethnicity body mass index (BMI) socio-economic status and medical history. RESULTS: In all 165 participants (age (meanS.D = 64.2 8.3 years BMI=31.4 5.4 kg/m2 45% women) were included. During restrictions overall physical activity was lower by 1.7 mg (~800 steps/day) and inactive time 21.9 minutes/day higher but time in MVPA and sleep did not statistically significantly change. In contrast the percentage of people with ≥1 day/week with ≥30-minute continuous MVPA was higher (34% cf. 24%). Consistent predictors of lower physical activity and/or higher inactive time were higher BMI and/or being a woman. Being older and/or from ethnic minorities groups was associated with higher inactive time. CONCLUSIONS: Overall physical activity but not MVPA was lower in adults with type 2 diabetes during COVID-19 restrictions. Women and individuals who were heavier older inactive and/or from ethnic minority groups were most at risk of lower physical activity during restrictions.
Published: 2021
Journal: Diabet Med
Author Name: Rowlands Alex V
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Author Name: Henson Joseph J
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Author Name: Coull Nicole A
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Author Name: Edwardson Charlotte L
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Author Name: Brady Emer
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Author Name: Hall Andrew
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Author Name: Khunti Kamlesh
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Author Name: Davies Melanie
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Author Name: Yates Tom
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license: unk
license_url: [unknown license]
source_x: WHO
who_covidence_id: #1109524
has_full_text: FALSE
G_ID: the_impact_of_covid_19_restrictions_on_accelerometer_assessed_physical_activity_and